- Psychology Faculty
- Knealing, Todd
Professor of Psychology; Interim Vice President of Academic Affairs
Department: Department of Psychology
Office Location: Heelan Hall 155
- Ph.D., Psychology: Behavior Analysis, West Virginia University, 2002
- M.S., Applied Psychology: Behavior Analysis, St. Cloud State University, 199;
- B.A., Psychology, University of Minnesota at Morris, 1995
- Postdoctoral Fellowship: Behavioral Pharmacology Research Unit, Johns Hopkins University, 2003-2006
Dr. Todd Knealing currently serves as Briar Cliff University’s Interim Vice President for Academic Affairs. He has worked in the fields of education and psychology for 14 years, with a variety of experiences in research, teaching, and management.
Dr. Knealing joined the Department of Psychology at Briar Cliff University (BCU) in 2006. He served as the chair of the department for 10 years, helped to establish and served as the first director of the Master of Science in Behavior Analysis graduate program, served as the director of the Center for Excellence in learning and Teaching (CELT), twice chaired the school of undergraduate studies, and participated as a member of the strategic leadership team at Briar Cliff University.
As a professor at BCU, Dr. Knealing’s primary teaching responsibilities have included introductory psychology, as well as courses related to his expertise in research methodology (e.g., Experimental Psychology), learning (e.g., Principles of Learning), and substance abuse (e.g., Drugs and Society). He maintains his expertise through research and publication in the areas of behavior analysis and behavioral pharmacology. This work includes collaboration with colleagues in those respective fields of study.
Prior to coming to Briar Cliff, Dr. Knealing was a post-doctoral research fellow at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, in the Behavioral Pharmacology Research Unit, for 3 years. There he collaborated with Dr. Kenneth Silverman and others in assessing the effectiveness of a “Therapeutic Workplace”, which examined the role of contingency management to help decrease substance use and abuse. This work primarily focused on individuals who were chronically unemployed due to their use of cocaine, heroin, and other substances and who had not found success in traditional treatment programs. In addition to his work in understanding substance use and abuse, Dr. Knealing has studied program cost analysis, assessment of risky sexual behavior, and quasi-experimental and experimental research design. Some of these skills and experiences have led to work in the community as a project evaluator for local government and non-profit agencies.
Dr. Knealing also worked with an interdisciplinary team as an Associate Service Fellow at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) prior to joining the faculty at Briar Cliff University. There, he worked on a team investigating animal models of muscular skeletal disorders headed by Dr. Oliver Wirth and Dr. Greg Cutler. In addition, he collaborated with Dr. Wirth on animal models of exposure to potential behavioral toxicants (e.g., ozone, tar). In general, the work at NIOSH produced basic research to help determine safety parameters for human workers.
Dr. Knealing has served as a Woodbury County Community Drug Court Judge since 2009 and has served as an at-large member of the Iowa Association for Behavior Analysis’s (Iowa ABA) Board of Directors, in addition to serving as its President-Elect (2013-2014), President (2014-2015), and Past-President (2015-2016). He also serves his professional community through peer review for the journals of Addiction, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, and the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis.
- Knealing, T. W., & Schaal, D. W. (2002). Disruption of temporally organized behavior by morphine. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 77(2), 157-169.
- Knealing, T. W., Wong, C. J., Diemer, K. N., Hampton, J., & Silverman, K. (2006). A randomized controlled trial of the Therapeutic Workplace for community methadone patients: A partial failure to engage. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 14(3), 350-360.
- Carpenedo, C. M., Needham, M., Knealing, T. W., Kolodner, K., Fingerhood, M., Wong, C. J., & Silverman, K. (2007). Professional demeanor of chronically unemployed cocaine-dependent methadone patients in a therapeutic workplace. Substance Use & Misuse, 42(7), 1141-1159.
- Silverman, K., Wong, C. J., Needham, M. J., Diemer, K. N., Knealing, T., Crone-Todd, D., Fingerhood, M., Nuzzo, P., Kolodner, K. (2007). A randomized trial of employment-based reinforcement of cocaine abstinence in injection drug users. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 40(3), 387-410.
- Knealing, T. W., Roebuck, M. C., Wong, C. J., & Silverman, K. (2008). Economic cost of the therapeutic workplace intervention added to methadone maintenance. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 34(3), 326-332
- Donlin, W. D., Knealing, T. W., Needham, M., Wong, C. J., & Silverman, K. (2008). Attendance rates in a workplace predict subsequent outcome of employment-based reinforcement of cocaine abstinence in methadone patients. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 41(4), 499-516.
- Holtyn, A. F., Donlin-Washington, W., Knealing, T. W., Wong, C. J., Kolodner, K., & Silverman, K. (2016). Behavioral factors predicting response to employment-based reinforcement of cocaine abstinence in methadone patients. Translational Issues in Psychological Science, 2 (2), 192-202.
- Donlin, W., Knealing, T. W., & Silverman, K. (2007). Employment-based reinforcement in the treatment of drug addiction. In Higgins, Silverman, & Heil (Eds.), Contingency management in substance abuse treatment. New York: Guilford.
- Knealing, T. W., & Schaal, D. W. (1999, May). Effects of morphine and food deprivation on temporally organized behavior. In D. W. Schaal (Chair), Abused drugs and temporally organized operant behavior. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Chicago, IL.
- Knealing, T. W., Wong, C. J., & Silverman, K. (2004, June). Quantitative urinalysis to monitor cocaine use and abstinence during outpatient treatment. In S. Sigmon (Chair), 10th Annual Contingency Management Working Group. Workshop presentation at the meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, San Juan, PR.
- Donlin, W. D., Knealing, T. W., Needham, M., Kolodner, K., Fingerhood, M., Wong, C. J., et al. (2006, June). A quasi-experimental evaluation of employment-based reinforcement of cocaine and opiate abstinence in unemployed community methadone patients. Paper presented at the meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, Scottsdale, AZ.
- Knealing, T. W., Donlin, W. D., Kolodner, K., Wong, C. J., Silverman, K. (2006,June). Predictors of cocaine abstinence in injection drug using methadone patients exposed to employment-based abstinence reinforcement. Paper presented at the meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, Scottsdale, AZ.
- Silverman, K., Wong, C. J., Knealing, T. W., Donlin, W. D., & Grabinski, M. J. (2006, August). Web-based therapeutic workplace in the treatment of drug addiction and chronic unemployment. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
- Donlin, W., Knealing, T., Needham, M., Wong, C. J., & Silverman, K. (2007, May). Sequential cocaine and opiate abstinence contingencies in methadone patients working in the "Therapeutic Workplace". Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Diego, CA.
- Knealing, T. W. (2010, June). Drug court: Incentives and sanctions. Invited presentation at the Woodbury, Plymouth, and Clay County Community Drug Court Training Session, Sioux City, IA.
- Frisch, A. & Knealing, T. W. (2012, June). Psychogeography: The urban wanderer and the SF city. In J. Berman (Moderator), Psychogeography. Symposium at the meeting of the Science Fiction Research Association, Detroit, MI.
- Murray, R. L. & Knealing, T. W. (2013, September). Siouxland Social Service Utilization Study. Siouxland District Health Department, Sioux City, IA.
- Small, E. Knealing, T., McCormick, J., & Allen, R. (2015, July). Peer mentoring. Paper presented at the National Summer Institute on Learning Communities, Olympia, WA.
Awards & Honors
- Woodbury County Community Drug Court, 15-Year Anniversary, 2014
- Emerging Faculty Scholar Award, Briar Cliff University, 2008
- NIDA Directors' Travel Award, June, 2004
- Association for Behavior Analsyis
- Southeastern Association for Behavior Analysis
- Iowa Association for Behavior Analysis